天秤座α (天秤座α是在天秤座西側(右邊)最亮的恆星,並且非常靠近黃道。)

天秤座α星「氐宿一」,是一顆雙星,由亮度5.2的α1與亮度2.8的α2所構成,呈藍白色。
整個天秤座內的行星介紹(維基百科)http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/%E5%A4%A9%E7%A7%A4%E5%BA%A7


天秤座的歷史

天秤座的群星自古就被認識到了,但托勒密並沒有將其作為獨立的星座。在托勒密星座中,天秤座的星屬於天蠍座爪,天秤座α是天蠍座北方的爪「北螯( Northern Claw )」,天秤座β是天蠍座南方的爪「南螯( Southern Claw )」。人們將這群星看作一桿秤, 象徵著公平。但羅馬人直到公元1世紀的愷撒時代,才發現太陽運行到此星座時,正是晝夜平分的秋分前後,因而將其獨立划出。

現在,由於地球歲差,秋分點已經移向了西方的室女座。在現在曆元里, 每年11月1日至11月23日太陽在天秤座運行。

天秤座在北極圈之外的緯度都可見。

有趣的星

  • 天秤座δ星:中名氐宿一又名南鰲, 與英仙座β一樣, 天秤座δ是一顆食變雙星。食變雙星就是兩顆恆星周期性的互相經過掩食。從地球看來它們的亮度就會發生變化。天秤座β的星等變化是+4.8到+5.9, 光變周期是2.3日。
  • 天秤座μ星:他是由亮度5.7及6.7的兩顆恆星所組成。
  • 天秤座ι星:「氐宿二」是一個複雜的聚星,肉眼看是4.5的星星。


天秤座α (α Lib / α Librae)是天秤座內第二亮的恆星(雖然他的拜耳命名是α星)。他的固有名字是Zubenelgenubi,這個名字源自阿拉伯的 الزبن الجنوبي (al-zuban al-janūbiyy),意思是"南方的鉤爪",這是因為天秤座是從之前的天蠍座分離出來的。備用(不常用)的名稱是Kiffa AustralisElkhiffa Australis,從阿拉伯al-kiffah al-janūbiyy翻譯成拉丁文的部分,意思是"南方的天秤"。

天秤座α是一對距離太陽約77光年目視聯星

它的兩顆星在天空中分離的角距離是231" (3'51"),伴星的位置角是314度。兩顆星中較亮的一顆是光譜分類A3的白色星,視星等2.8,絕對星等1.1,拜耳名稱是天秤座α2。它的伴星是F4的恆星,視星等5.2,絕對星等3.5,拜耳名稱是天秤座α1

天秤座α是靠近黃道的恆星,因此很容易被月球遮蔽,偶爾也會被行星遮蔽。下次被行星遮蔽的事件將在2052年11月10日發生,被水星遮蔽[2]


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Fixed star:  ZUBEN ELGENUBI  South Scale
Constellation: Alpha (α) Libra
Longitude 1900:  13SCO41 Longitude 2000:  15SCO05
Declination 1900:  -15.38' Declination 2000:   -16.01'
Right ascension:  14h50m Latitude:  +00.19'
Spectral class:  A3 Magnitude:  2.9

The history of the star: Zuben Elgenubi

from p.275 of Star Names, Richard Hinckley Allen, 1889.
[A scanned copy can be viewed on this webpage]

Zuben Elgenubi



Alpha (α)1 and alpha (α)2Zuben Elgenubi, is a widely double star; 3 and 6 magnitude, pale yellow and light gray, in the southern Claw of the Scorpion in constellation of Libra.

This star alpha (α), Zuben Elgenubi, is the Southern Scale of Libra (beta β, Zubenelschemali, is the Northern Scale.)

The early Greeks did not associate Libra's stars with a "Balance" or "Scales", to them it was the Chelae; the Claws of the Scorpion. In Greek astronomy alpha (α)1 and alpha (α)2 were Chele notios, the Southern Claw (of the Scorpion, Scorpio), from the name of the whole division now our Southern Scale.

Our Zubenelgenubi is from Al Zuban al Janubiyyah, the exact Arabian equivalent of the second-century Greek astronomer Ptolemy's term; butZubenelgubi and Janib are both wrong, and Zubeneschamali is worse, for it plainly belongs to beta (β Zubenelschemali).

English writer on globes John Chilmead (circa 1639) called it Mizan Aliemin from an Arabian title for the constellation of Libra; yet that people also knew it as Al Kiffah al Janubiyyah, the Southern Tray of the Scale, from which came the Arabo-Latin Kiffa australis of modern lists; and as Al Wazn al Janubiyyah, the Southern Weight, distorted by the Italian astronomer Riccioli (1598-1671) into Vazneganubi. The Lanx meridionalisof two centuries ago is synonymous with the first of these Arabian designations.

The alphas (α1, α2Zuben Elgenubi) and beta (β Zubenelschemali) constituted the 14th manzil (Arabic Moon Mansion), Al Zubana, although the Persian astronomer Al Biruni (973-1048 A.D.) said that this title should be Zaban, "to push," as though one of the stars were pushing away the other (!); while alpha (α  Zuben Elgenubi) marked the nakshatra (Hindu Moon MansionVicakha, Branched, under the rule of Indragni, the dual tutelar divinity Indra and Agni. This lunar station was figured as a decorated Gateway, and in later Hindu astronomy its borders were extended to include gamma (γ Zuben Elakrab) and iota (ι), thus {276} completing the resemblance to the object for which the asterism was named; iota (ι) was the junction star with Anuradha.

These same stars marked the sieu (Chinese Moon MansionTi, Bottom, anciently Dsi, and still earlier I shi, some Chinese authorities adding delta (δ), mu (μ), and nu (ν).

These two alphas (α1, α2Zuben Elgenubi) were the determinants of the 21st Babylonian ecliptic constellation Nuru-sha-Shutu, the Southern Light; and some have included beta (β Zubenelschemali) and gamma (γ Zuben Elakrab) with them in the Euphratean Entena-mas-luv, the Star of the Tail-tip, as though they marked that part of the enormous, but undetermined, ancient Hydra of Chaldea, the very early Afr of Arabia.

[Star NamesTheir Lore and Meaning, Richard Hinckley Allen, 1889].


Robson (Fixed Stars and Constellations in Astrology) says this star, the "Scale South", is symbolically called "the Insufficient Price". The two scales of Libra were the Price of the Deficient (α, Zuben Algenubi) balanced by the Price which Covers (β, Zubenelschemali).



The Lunar Mansions(月宿)

This star alpha (α1, α2Zuben Elgenubi), and beta (β Zubenelschemali), constituted the 14th manzil (Arabic Moon Mansion), Al Zubana, although the Persian astronomer Al Biruni (973-1048 A.D.) said that this title should be Zaban, "to push," as though one of the stars were pushing away the other (!)


此星α(α1,α2,Zuben Elgenubi)和 β(β Zubenelschemali,構成了第14 manzil(阿拉伯月宿/月象,波斯天文學家Al Zubana公元973-1048)說,它應該被命名為 Zuban "推",看來好像是一對星星排開彼此!)
 

Influences of the 14th Arabic Moon Mansion Al Zubana: Hinders journeys and marriage, harvest and merchandise, favorable for redemption of captives. [Robson*, p.72.] 

 第14日阿拉伯月宿位於 Al Zubana的影響:妨礙(阻礙)旅行(行程)及婚姻、作物收成及商品、有利於(順利的、適合的)救贖俘虜、囚徒。

With Moon transiting here: buy cattle but do not navigate. [Robson*, p.72.]
當月亮過運至此:可以買牛(牲口, 家畜), 但不要航行或是飛行(因為現在的交通太發達,在古時只有海航(運),但現今社會我想可以擴大至飛行)


Alpha (α  Zuben Elgenubi) marked the nakshatra (Hindu Moon MansionVicakha, Branched, under the rule of Indragni, the dual tutelar divinity Indra and Agni. This lunar station was figured as a decorated Gateway, and in later Hindu astronomy its borders were extended to include gamma (γ Zuben Elakrab) and iota (ι), thus completing the resemblance to the object for which the asterism was named; iota (ι) was the junction star with Anuradha.

阿爾法(α Zuben Elgenubi)被稱為(標誌) nakshatra(印度星宿Vicakha,之於Indragni主管下的分枝,有兩位保護神叫 Indra 和Agni。 這個月相被描述為一個裝飾的入口處; 門戶; 通道,而在近代的印度天文學者將邊界擴大到包括伽瑪(γ Zuben Elakrab)和絲毫ι),從而完成了這個星群完整的命名。iota (ι) 絲毫ι )是和Anuradha為交角
 

Influences of 14th Hindu Moon Mansion Vicakha or Vishaka: Ruled by Jupiter. A soft and sharp asterism belonging to the lowest caste and producing mixed effects. Those born on the lunar day will be religious, dealers in produce, and fond of red flowers. With Moon here at birth native will be jealous, mean, miserly, good-looking, clever in speech, and quarrelsome. Rules cotton fields and the nipples. [Robson*, p.81.]

第14印度月宿(星宿)VicakhaVishaka的影響:由木星掌管。一個柔軟/溫暖而明顯的(鮮明的)星群對於最低種姓和生產有複雜的影響。這個星宿下出生的人是篤信宗教的並且虔誠的,農業者/【產物(農作物)商(經銷商)】,十分喜愛紅色花朵。若較負面的部份則是嫉妒,吝嗇,貪婪好看,說話耍小聰明(我想可以指善辯),喜歡爭吵的; 動輒吵架的。管理棉花田及the nipples [羅布森*,第81頁。]


The astrological influences of the constellation Libra

History and Legend: Libra was not considered a separate constellation by the ancients and was called Chelae, or the Claws of Scorpio, which sign was made to consist of 60°. The present constellation figure is said to represent the balance wherein(在哪裡、哪方面) Astraea weighed the deeds(行為) of men and presented them to Jupiter. [Robson*, p.49.]

歷史與傳說:古人不認為天秤座是一個獨立分開的星座,且被稱為 Chelae, 或是天蠍的爪子,大約在60度的地方。現代星座是將它認為代表人類行為的公平公正的平衡及呈獻出木星的一面。

Influences: Ptolemy makes the following observations: "Those stars at the points of the claws of Scorpio operate like Jupiter and Mercury: those in the middle of the claws, like Saturn, and in some degree like Mars." By the Kabalists, Libra is associated with the Hebrew letter Heth and the 8th Tarot Trump "Justice". [Robson*, p.49-50.]

影響:拖勤密題出以下看法意見:這些恆星是在天蠍座爪子的點(端)運行著像木星與水星的功能(性質)。在天蠍座爪子的中段,則像土星的性質,而在某些度數上則像火星的性質。經由Kabalists(我猜或許是一本書或是名單或是人名,感覺發音有些類似卡巴拉), 天秤座是希伯來字母中的 Heth 以及 塔羅牌中的"正義牌"。

The astrological influences of the constellation Libra given by Manilius:

"Balancing night with the length of day when after a year's space we enjoy the new vintage of the ripened grape, the Scales will bestow the employment of weights and measures and a son to emulate the talents of Palamedes, who first assigned numbers to things, and to these numbers names, fixed magnitudes, and individual symbols. He will also be acquainted with the tables of law, abstruse legal points, and words denoted by compendious signs; he will know what is permissible and the penalties incurred by doing what is forbidden; in his own house he is a people's magistrate holding lifelong office. Under no other sign would Servius [Servius Sulpicius Rufus, ca. 106-43 BC, extolled as the greatest of jurists by Cicero] more fittingly have been born, who in interpreting the law framed legislation of his own. Indeed, whatever stands in dispute and needs a ruling the pointer of the Balance will determine"  [Manilius, Astronomica, 1st century AD, book 4, p.239]


The astrological influences of the star Zuben Elgenubi (氐宿一對占星的影響)

Notes: A double star, pale yellow and light grey, situated in the southern scale of the Balance. Its proper name is Zubenelgenubi, from Al Zuban al Janubiyyah, the Southern Claw. Symbolically called the Insufficient Price. [Robson*, p.205.]

備注:是一顆雙星,淺黃和淺灰色坐落在南部以達平衡(北還有另一顆)。它的正式名稱Zubenelgenubi從Al Zuban Al Janubiyyah,南爪。象徵不充分/不足的(價格、物價、代價) [羅布森*,p.205。]


According to Ptolemy and the old writers it is of the nature of Saturn and Mars, but later authors substitute Saturn and Venus or Saturn and Mercury, and Alvidas likens it to Mars, Venus and Saturn. It causes malevolence, obstruction, an unforgiving character, violence, disease, lying, crime, disgrace, and danger of poison. [Robson*, p.205.]

It is well to remember here the association of this star with a scorpion's claw, used for making love as well as for slaying its prey. It does not let go until one or other matter is complete and onlookers are not sure which of the two acts are in process. Sometimes even the Scorpion seems to get it wrong along the way! It frequently shows up ill-aspected in many unfortunate situations, from domestic strife and miscarriages of justice to psychopathic killings that started out in the guise of love. Its appearance in better aspect is often just the right moment to repair a relationship and to reconsider an earlier harsh judgment. Well aspected and on the 'right planet' we have someone of courage who will fight for right, but is generous to his opponents when they are defeated. If harshly aspected, especially to Mars, Saturn or the Moon, justice may well take a back seat to vengeance. [The Living Stars, Dr. Eric Morse, p.76-77.]

The unhelpful influence of this star is said to be noticeable especially in natives who were born during the night. A bad omen for health of the native is given if Sun or Moon is in conjunction with The Southern Scales. It has been noted that it is particularly disadvantageous to have Saturn or Neptune tied up with this star. Even the conjunction with Jupiter is credited as being adverse. Vehlow has recorded "confiscation of possessions during times of war'. A credit given to the Southern and Northern Scales is that they both bestow an immortal name. However, this comes about more by tragic circumstances than by well noted success. Conjunct the Ascendant, this star could mean rise in fortunes, followed by a downfall. There is also an indication of danger coming about in connection with water. [Fixed Stars and Their Interpretation, Elsbeth Ebertin, 1928, p.65.]

With Fortuna: Loss by thieves, soldiers, servants, gambling, speculation, fire and lawsuits. [Robson*, p.206.]

With Sun: Sickness, loss in business and through fire or speculation, disgrace, ruin, disfavor of superiors, suffers through wrongful accusations, sickness to family. [Robson*, p.205.]

With Moon: Trouble through opposite sex, wrongful accusations, disgrace, ruin, mental anxiety, loss of relatives, many disappointments, much sickness, disease in those parts of the body ruled by the sign. [Robson*, p.205.]

With Mercury: Crafty, revengeful, treacherous, quick mind, bad health, disgrace, poverty at end of life. [Robson*, p.205.]

With Venus: Bad for marriage, sudden and secret death, may be poisoned owing to jealousy of one of own sex. [Robson*, p.205.]

With Mars: Bitter quarrels, entailing bloodshed or death. [Robson*, p.205.]

With Jupiter: Hypocrisy, deceit, dishonesty, pretended religious zeal for business purposes, danger of imprisonment. [Robson*, p.205.]

With Saturn: Dishonorable, often escapes justice but finally suffers, jealous, quick-tempered, domestic disharmony, bad for marriage, gain and legacies. [Robson*, p.206.]

With Uranus: Sharp, cunning, dangerous, abnormal mind, thought reader, always injuring others, may commit undiscovered crime, violent passions but great control, secret revenge, latter part of life in asylum or prison, violent death. [Robson*, p.206.]

With Neptune: Morose, melancholy, isolated, shrewd, cunning, evil use of occult powers and of poisons or drugs, cynical, dangerous, broods over some secret, peculiar death, often suicide. [Robson*, p.206.]

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